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Radiology in the Curriculum Overview

 

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Principles of Human Biology

(PRIN 401)

Mid-Block Consolidation Week: Introduction to Imaging

1. Introduction to the basics of imaging modalities

2. Strengths and weaknesses of each imaging modality

3. Thoracic imaging basics: how to read a chest x-ray

4. Genitourinary imaging basics

Dr. Aldrich, John

Dr. Nicolaou, Savvas

Lecture

• Diagnostic Imaging
• Imaging
• Medical Imaging
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Ultrasonography
• Ultrasound
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Pulmonary

(FMED 403)

Airway Diseases:

A Clinical Approach to Obstructive Lung Disease

• Describe the four main forms of obstructive lung disease: (i) asthma; (ii) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); (iii) bronchiectasis; and (iv) bronchiolitis.
• Understand that the distinct clinical and pathological characteristics of these conditions are not mutually exclusive, may overlap, and share important features in common, particularly chronic airflow obstruction and chronic inflammation.
• Understand the epidemiology, risk factors and natural history of these four main forms of obstructive lung disease, and recognize that the prevalence of both asthma and COPD is increasing.
• Differentiate between and assess the severity of the different forms of obstructive lung disease based upon information obtained from the patient's history, physical examination findings, pulmonary function tests and radiographic imaging.
• Understand the rationale for and variations between the different approaches to treatment for obstructive lung disease, particularly asthma and COPD.
• Explain why both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments are important in the management of patients with obstructive lung disease.

Dr. Ryan, Frank

Lecture

• Airway Obstruction
• Asthma
• Bronchi
• Bronchial Diseases
• Bronchiectasis
• Bronchioles
• Bronchiolitis
• Bronchitis
• Bronchitis, Chronic
• Bronchoconstriction
• Chest X-ray
• Chronic Bronchitis
• Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
• Cigarette smoking
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diseases/Disorders of the Respiratory System
• Gas Exchange
• Lung Diseases, Obstructive
• Medical Imaging
• Obstructive Lung Disease
• Obstructive Lung Diseases
• Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
• Pulmonary Emphysema
• Pulmonary Gas Exchange
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Radiology of the thorax
• Respiratory System
• Respiratory Tract Diseases
• Respiratory Tract Illness
• Respiratory Tract Infections
• Risks of Cigarette Smoking
• Smoking
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays.

Pulmonary

(FMED 403)

Airway Diseases: Principles of Radiology and Interpretation of the Chest Radiograph

Objectives not yet available

Dr. Nicolaou, Savvas

Self-Directed Learning

• Basic Principles of Thoracic Imaging in Radiology
• Chest imaging
• Chest X-ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Imaging
• Medical Imaging
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Pulmonary

(FMED 403)

Gas Exchange: Radiology of Diffuse Lung Disease

• To compare and contrast the spatial resolution of the plain chest radiograph with the chest CT.
• To review the imaging diagnostic algorithm for diffuse lung disease including pattern of abnormality, distribution of abnormality, associated findings, comparison with previous films and correlation with clinical findings.
• To illustrate airspace consolidation, small nodules, large nodules, and linear abnormalities on the chest radiograph and CT.

Dr. Breckon, Larry

Lecture

• Basic Principles of Thoracic Imaging in Radiology
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Chest imaging
• Chest X-ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diseases/Disorders of the Respiratory System
• Imaging
• Lung
• Lung Disease
• Lung Diseases
• Lung Diseases, Interstitial
• Lung Perfusion
• Lungs
• Medical Imaging
• Plain radiograph
• Pulmonary Disease
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Thoracic
• Radiology
• Respiratory System
• Respiratory System Abnormalities
• Respiratory Tract Illness
• Restrictive Lung Diseases
• The Respiratory System
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Tomography, X-Ray Computed
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Pulmonary

(FMED 403)

Inhalational Lung Disease: Imaging in Lung Cancer

• Describe the characteristics and list the causes of pulmonary nodules.
• Understand the principles behind chest radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography.
• Describe the imaging findings in lung cancer.

Dr. Mayo, John

Lecture

• Basic Principles of Thoracic Imaging in Radiology
• Chest
• Chest imaging
• Chest X-ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Imaging
• Lung
• Lung Cancer
• Lung Disease
• Lung Diseases
• Lung Neoplasms
• Lung tumors
• Lungs
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Mass Chest X-Ray
• Mediastinum
• Medical Imaging
• Neoplasm
• Neoplasm Metastasis
• Neoplasms
• Neoplasms Metastasis
• Plain radiograph
• Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
• Positron-Emission Tomography
• Pulmonary Disease
• Pulmonary Mass
• Radiograph image
• Radiographic Image Enhancement
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiography, Thoracic
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Radiology of the thorax
• Resonance
• Thoracic radiology
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, Emission-Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Tomography, X-Ray Computed
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Pulmonary

(FMED 403)

Pulmonary Vascular Diseases:

Imaging in Pulmonary Embolism

• Describe common patterns of abnormalities on the chest X-ray with pulmonary embolism.
• Understand the methodology of ventilation/perfusion scan and provide a rationale for ventilation perfusion defects and the utilities/limitations of VQ scan in diagnosis of PE.
• To be aware of the importance of factoring in clinical index of suspicion to ventilation/perfusion scanning.
• What is the role of pulmonary angiography in the diagnosis of PE?  What are the risks and limitations of this procedure?
• Recognize the importance of other strategies which are currently being evaluated in the investigation of PE: helical CT scan of the chest, chest MRI.
• Introductions to techniques useful in the non-invasive diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis in the lower extremities.
• Recognize the role for the IVC filter.

Dr. Mayo, John

Lecture

• Alveolar Ventilation
• Angiography
• Basic Principles of Thoracic Imaging in Radiology
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Chest
• Chest CT Scan
• Chest imaging
• Chest X-ray
• CT Scan
• Deep Vein Thrombosis
• Diagnosis
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures
• Embolism
• Imaging
• Inferior Vena Cava
• Lung Perfusion
• Magnetic Resonance Angiography
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Perfusion
• Pulmonary embolism
• Pulmonary Ventilation
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Resonance
• Resonance, Abnormal
• Thrombosis
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, Emission-Computed
• Tomography, Spiral Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray Computed
• Vena cava
• Vena Cava Filters
• Venae Cavae
• Venous Thrombosis
• Ventilation
• Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio
• Ventilation-Perfusion Scan of the Lungs
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

FERGU (FMED 404)

Hematuria:

Radiological Approach to Hematuria

• Identify three common causes of hematuria
• Attempt to identify those patients requiring further investigation
• An approach to investigation of hematuria
• Some basic radiographic anatomy

Dr. Breckon, Larry

Lecture

• Basic Principles of Thoracic Imaging in Radiology
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diseases/Disorders of the Kidney
• Diseases/Disorders of the Urinary System
• Diseases/Disorders of the Urinary Tract
• Genitourinary System
• Genitourinary Tract
• Hematuria
• Imaging
• Kidney
• Medical Imaging
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Abdominal
• Radiography, images
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Renal Disease
• Renal Ultrasound
• The Urinary System
• Urinary Calculi
• Urinary Tract

FERGU (FMED 404)

Bladder Obstruction: Nephrolithiasis and renal colic

• To understand the basic pathophysiology of stone disease
• To recognize the signs and symptoms of an acute stone attack
• To establish a sound diagnostic management approach including recognition of appropriate radiological imaging studies
• To understand the indications for surgical intervention and recognize various surgical treatment options
• To understand the medical management of stone disease including stone prevention

Dr. Hampole, Rahul

Lecture

• Bladder
• Bladder Calculi
• Bladder Diseases
• Bladder Neck Obstruction
• Bladder Stones
• Calculi
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Colic
• CT Scan
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Enlarged Prostate
• Imaging
• Kidney Calculi
• Kidney Pelvis
• Kidney Stones
• Kidney, renal colic
• Lithiasis
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Nephrolithiasis
• Obstruction
• Prostate
• Prostate Gland
• Prostate Ultrasound
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Renal colic
• Renal Scan
• Ureter
• Ureteral Calculi
• Ureteral Obstruction
• Urethra
• Urethral Obstruction
• Urinary Calculi
• Urinary Tract Obstruction
• Urogenital System
• Urolithiasis
• X-ray
• X-Rays

 

FERGU (FMED 404)

Bladder Obstruction: Radiological Approach to Urinary Tract Obstruction

• Outline a reasonable radiological approach based on cost benefit
• Identify likely underlying diagnosis for the investigation of urinary tract obstruction.

Dr. Weir, Ian

Lecture

• Abdominal X-Rays
• Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
• Bladder
• Bladder Calculi
• Bladder Diseases
• Bladder Neck Obstruction
• Bladder Stones
• Calculi
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diseases/Disorders of the Urinary System
• Diseases/Disorders of the Urinary Tract
• Enlarged Prostate
• Genitourinary System
• Genitourinary Tract
• Imaging
• Intravenous Pyelogram
• Kidney
• Kidney Calculi
• Kidney Pelvis
• Kidney Stones
• Medical Imaging
• Obstruction
• Prostate
• Prostate Disease
• Prostate Gland
• Prostate Neoplasms
• Prostate Ultrasound
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Renal Ultrasound
• The Urinary System
• Ultrasound
• Ultrasound, High-Intensity Focused, Transrectal
• Ureter
• Ureter, sites of obstruction
• Ureteral Calculi
• Ureteral Obstruction
• Urethra
• Urethral Obstruction
• Urinary Calculi
• Urinary Calculus Disease
• Urinary Retention
• Urinary Tract
• Urinary Tract Obstruction
• Urogenital Diseases
• Urogenital System
• X-ray
• X-Rays

Introductory Clinical Skills & Systems I

(INDE 410)

I

Clinical Skills Introduction: Introduction to Radiology of the Chest and Heart

 

• Have an understanding of clinically relevant normal thoracic radiological anatomy.
• Have a systematic approach to interpreting a chest radiograph.
• Understand basic radiological terminology as it pertains to the chest radiograph, i.e., Kerley B lines, air bronchogram sign, silhouette sign.
• Have an understanding of basic radiologic cardiac anatomy
• Learn a general overview of the various imaging modalities utilized in cardiac imaging
• Learn clinical applications of those imaging modalities
• Learn how to properly assess cardiomegaly from a chest radiograph.

Dr. Nicolaou, Savvas

 

Lecture

 

• Anatomy
• Anatomy of the Heart
• Angiocardiography
• Angiography
• Basic Principles of Thoracic Imaging In Radiology
• Cardiomegaly
• Cardiovascular System
• Chest
• Chest Imaging
• Chest Imaging, Cardiomegaly
• Chest Imaging, Heart
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Echocardiography
• Heart
• Imaging
• Imaging, Cardiac
• Magnetic Resonance Angiography
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Mass Chest X-Ray
• Medical Imaging
• Medical Informatics
• Plain Radiograph
• Radiograph Image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Images
• Radiography, Thoracic
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Radiology Of The Heart
• Radiology Of The Thorax
• Regional Anatomy
• Resonance
• Thoracic Radiology
• Thorax
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, Emission-Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Tomography, X-Ray Computed
• Ultrasonography
• Ultrasound

Gastroenterology

(FMED 424)

Large and Small Bowel: Imaging of the GI Tracts

Objectives not Yet Available

Dr. Mathieson, John

Lecture

• Abdominal X-Rays
• Barium
• Barium Ingestion Study
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Cholecystography
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Digestive System
• Gastrointestinal
• Gastrointestinal Motility
• Gastrointestinal System
• Gastrointestinal Tract
• Gastrointestinal Transit
• Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Plain radiograph
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Abdominal
• Radiography, images
• radiologic anatomy
• radiology
• The Digestive System
• Ultrasound
• Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Musculoskeletal and Locomotor

(FMED 423)

Introduction to MSK Radiology

• MSK Imaging modalities
• Evaluating Bone Radiographs
• Describing Fracture patterns
• Describe the radiographic features Arthritis
• Describe imaging of osteomyelitis
• Differential diagnosis of bone masses

Dr. Nicolaou, Savvas

Lecture

• Arthritis
• Bone and Bones
• Bone Diseases
• Bone Mass
• Bone Scan
• Bone X-Rays
• Bones
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Fracture Classification
• Fractures
• Fractures, Closed
• Fractures, Comminuted
• Fractures, Open
• Imaging
• Medical Imaging
• Musculoskeletal System
• Open Fractures
• Osteomyelitis
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Salter-Harris Fractures
• Skeletal System
• The Musculoskeletal System

Musculoskeletal and Locomotor

(FMED 423)

Metabolic Bone Disease and Calcium Homeostasis: Imaging for Metabolic Bone Disease

• Understand the representation of bone and bone turnover by radiological methods.
• Be familiar with the concept of peak bone mass and bone loss.
• Know how to evaluate patients suspected of having osteoporosis
• Understand the role and limitations of the radiological sciences in the investigation of metabolic and endocrine disease as these affect the skeleton.

Dr. Lentle, Brian

Lecture

• Bone Density
• Bone Development
• Bone Diseases
• Bone Diseases, Endocrine
• Bone Diseases, Metabolic
• Bone Growth
• Bone Mass
• Bone Plates
• Bone Regeneration
• Bone Remodeling
• Bone Scan
• Bone X-Rays
• Bones
• Calcium
• Calcium Absorption
• Calcium and Phosphate Homeostasis
• Calcium Homeostasis
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diseases/Disorders of the Bone
• Diseases/Disorders of the Endocrine System and Metabolism
• Diseases/Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System
• Endocrine Diseases
• Endocrine System
• Endocrine System Diseases
• Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Osteoporosis
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Skeletal System
• The Endocrine System, Nutrition and Metabolism
• The Musculoskeletal System

Clinical Skills teaching in conjunction with Musculoskeletal and Locomotor (FMED 423)

 

Radiographic Anatomy (new for 2007)

Cervical Spine
Ap cervical spine
Lat cervical spine
Space for the spinal cord
MRI cervical spine
Oblique cervical spine
Open mouth view
CT scan cervical spine
Swimmer's view
Flexion / Extension views
Shoulder
Scapular ap
Scapular lateral
Axillary view
A/C joint
Shoulder MRI
Shoulder U/S
Ap and lordotic view (clavicle)
Axillary (bumped up)
Ap humerus
Lateral humerus
Elbow & Forearm
Ap elbow
Lateral elbow
Fat pads
Relationship of radius to capitellum
Ap forearm
Lateral forearm
Wrist & Hand
Ap wrist
Lateral wrist
Scaphoid view
Ulnar variance
Ap thumb
Lateral thumb
Lumbar Spine
Ap lumbar spine
Lateral lumbar spine
CT scan lumber spine
MRI lumbar spine
Bone scan
WBC scan
Hip & Pelvis
Ap pelvis
Ture lateral hip
Frog lateral hip
Ap hip (child)
Frog lateral hip (child)
Ap hip
Frog lateral hip
CT scan
Bone scan
MRI scan
Ap femur
Lateral femur
Knee & Leg
Standing ap knee
Lateral knee
Skyline view
Notch view
U/S
MRI
Oblique knee
CT scan
Ap tibia / fibula
Lateral tibia / fibula
Ankle & Foot
Ap ankle
Lateral ankle
Oblique ankle
Ap foot
Lateral foot
Oblique foot

?

• Lecture
• Lab

• Anatomy- Hip
• Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System
• Ankle
• Ankle Joint
• Articulation
• Articulation, Abnormal
• Bone Scan
• Bone X-Rays
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Cervical Flexure
• Cervical Vertebrae
• Clinical Examination
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Elbow
• Elbow Joint
• Foot
• Foot Joints
• Gait
• Hand
• Hip
• Hip Joint
• Hip Muscles
• Imaging
• inspection
• Knee
• Lateral Ligament, Ankle
• Lumbar Vertebrae
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Medical Informatics
• Muscle, Skeletal
• Muscular System
• Musculoskeletal Examination
• Musculoskeletal System
• palpation
• Physical Exam Maneuvers
• Physical Exam Skills
• Physical Exam, Focussed
• Physical Examination
• Pupil Examination
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• radiologic anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• radiology
• Range of Motion, Articular
• Resonance
• Shoulder
• Shoulder Joint
• Skeletal System
• Spine
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Vertebrae
• Vertebral column
• Wrist
• Wrist Joint
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Metabolism and Endocrine

(FMED 425)

Thyroid: Endocrine Imaging

• Identify the potential uses of imaging in diagnosing diseases of the endocrine system.
• Explain the differences between functional and anatomical imaging.
• Understand the best approaches to diagnosis in respect of each endocrine gland.
• Recognize the potential role of radiological methods in treatment, particularly of thyroid disease

Dr. Powe, John

Lecture

• Adrenal Glands
• Breast
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diagnostic Techniques, Radioisotope
• Diseases/Disorders of the Endocrine System and Metabolism
• Endocrine Diseases
• Endocrine System
• Endocrine System Diseases
• Hypophysis
• Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Mammary Gland
• Mammary Gland, Breast
• Mammary Glands, Human
• Mammography
• Medical Imaging
• Ovary
• Parathyroid
• Parathyroid Glands
• Pituitary Gland
• Pituitary Irradiation
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Resonance
• Testis
• Thyroid
• Thyroid Gland
• Thyroid Therapy
• Ultrasonography
• Ultrasound
• Uterus
• Xeromammography
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Brain and Behaviour

(FMED 426)

Spinal Cord: Radiological Anatomy of Spinal Cord, Nerve Roots & Vertebral Column

• Review adult spinal anatomy using all imaging modalities and terminology commonly found on imaging reports.
• Demonstrate advantages and drawbacks of each modality using examples of common entities.

Dr. Lapointe, Jocelyne

Lecture

• Anatomy
• Anatomy of Spinal Nerves
• Anatomy of the Back and Vertebral Column
• Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Nerve Fibers
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Spinal
• Spinal Canal
• Spinal Cord
• Spinal Nerve Roots
• Spinal Nerves

Brain and Behaviour

(FMED 426)

Higher Cortical Organization & Function:

Introduction to Neuroradiology

• Introduce the principal imaging modalities used in the investigation of diseases of the brain, namely computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and conventional catheter angiography.
• llustrate the role of these modalities in the diagnosis of specific brain diseases.
• Introduce advances in imaging techniques relevant to the diagnosis of various neuropathological disorders.
• Introduce the field of interventional neuroradiology and illustrate its role in the management of cerebrovascular disease.

Dr. Heran, Manraj

Lecture

• Angiography
• Brain
• Brain Diseases
• Cerebral Angiography
• Cerebrovascular diseases
• Cerebrovascular Disorders
• Magnetic Resonance Angiography
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Neuroanatomy
• Neuroimaging
• Neurology
• Neuroradiography
• Pathology
• Radiography, Interventional
• Radiology
• Radiology, Interventional
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, Spiral Computed
• Ultrasonography, Interventional
• Vascular Disease
• Vascular Diseases

Brain and Behaviour

(FMED 426)

Aging, Dementia & Sleep:

Neuroradiology

• Neurophysiological testing, function and neuroanatomy.
• Neuroimaging and dementia, including normal aging, AD, NPH, white matter.

Dr. Nugent, Robert

Laboratory

• Alzheimer Disease
• Alzheimer's Disease
• Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
• Delirium/dementia
• Dementia
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Hydrocephalus
• Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure
• Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Medical Imaging
• Neuroanatomy
• Neuroimaging
• Neurophysiology
• Radiology
• White Matter

Professional Dimensions in Medicine

(ORNT 430)

Radiology Introduction

Brief introduction to imaging for Year 3 :

1. Considerations in ordering imaging

2. Case-based warm-up and review

 

Dr. Nicolaou, Savvas

Lecture

• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Densitometry, X-Ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Echocardiography
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Mammography
• Medical Imaging
• Plain radiograph
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Tomography, X-Ray Computed
• Ultrasound
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Emergency Medicine

Radiology in ER

1.Considerations in ordering imaging

2.Know how to recognize Emergency Must See Diagnoses

3.Treatments for Emergency Must See Diagnoses

4.Common Trauma Injuries

Dr. Nicolaou, Savvas

Seminar

• Abdomen
• Abdominal trauma
• Abdominal X-Rays
• Asthma
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Cervical Spine Injury
• Chest
• Chest CT Scan
• Chest imaging
• Chest Injury
• Chest X-ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Emergencies
• Emergency Medicine
• Emergency Situations
• Injury
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Plain radiograph
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Abdominal
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Spinal Cord Injury
• Spine
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Tomography, X-Ray Computed
• Trauma
• Traumatology
• Ultrasound
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Internal Medicine

(MEDI 430)

Cardiology

• Learning of acute and chronic cardiovascular disease, diagnosis, physical examination, laboratory investigations, medical and surgical management of specific cardiovascular disease.
• Techniques for the evaluation of cardiovascular disease. - History related to complaints of the cardiovascular system. - Physical examination by standardized cardiovascular examination techniques to recognize congestive heart failure, low cardiac output state, valvular heart disease and myocardial infarction. - Appropriate ordering and interpretation of ECG, chest x-ray, exercise testing, hemodynamic and angiographic data, echocardiogram and radionuclide cardiac imaging. - Indications for angiographic evaluation and indications for - revascularization in ischemic heart disease and coronary artery disease.
• Diagnosis and management of acute ischemic syndromes, unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction. Risk stratification, natural history and prognosis of heart disease.
• Ischemic heart disease and coronary artery disease, risk factors and prevention.
• Congestive heart failure: Recognition and diagnosis of physical examination on bedside rounds, clinical quantification of severity of heart failure, understanding of hemodynamic measurements from cardiac catheterization, correlation to underlying pathophysiology.
• Understand the specific therapy of abnormalities in preload, afterload and inotropic states of the heart in heart failure.
• Clinical assessment and diagnosis of cardiac disease by bedside rounds, physical examination techniques and indications for evaluation of non-invasive and invasive laboratory examinations.
• Techniques in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, emphasis on interpretation of ECGs, recognition and treatment of common cardiac arrhythmias.
• Understanding of management of consensus and guidelines on the management of specific cardiovascular disease.

 

Seminar

• Angiography
• Cardiac Catheterization
• Cardiac Disease
• Cardiac Scan
• Cardiology
• Cardiovascular
• Cardiovascular Abnormalities
• Cardiovascular disease
• Cardiovascular Diseases
• Cardiovascular System
• Cardiovascular System and Examination
• Catheterization
• Chest CT Scan
• Chest imaging
• Chest imaging, cardiomegaly
• Chest imaging, heart
• Chest X-ray
• Coronary Angiography
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Echocardiogram
• Echocardiography
• Imaging
• Imaging, cardiac
• Magnetic Resonance Angiography
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Plain radiograph
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiography, Thoracic
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Radiology of the heart
• Radiology of the thorax
• Radionucleotide Angiography
• The Cardiovascular System
• Thoracic radiology

Internal Medicine

(MEDI 430)

Respiratory Medicine

• Common respiratory problems, such as pneumonia, lung cancer or pulmonary emboli.
• Diagnostic tests, invasive or otherwise, that are available to arrive at a diagnosis.
• Discuss sputum examinations, fine needle aspirations, CT scans, conventional chest x-ray imaging, VQ scans, bronchial lavage, mediastinoscopy, arterial blood gas interpretations, pulmonary function tests, etc.

 

Seminar

• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Chest
• Chest CT Scan
• Chest imaging
• Chest X-ray
• Clinical Pathology
• Clinical Problem-solving/Decision-making
• CT Scan
• Diseases/Disorders of the Respiratory System
• Embolism
• Lung Cancer
• Lung Neoplasms
• Mass Chest X-Ray
• Pneumonia
• Prevention and health maintenance
• Pulmonary embolism
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Thoracic
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Radiology of the thorax
• Respiratory System
• Respiratory System Abnormalities
• Respiratory System Diagnostic Techniques
• Respiratory Tract Diseases
• Respiratory Tract Illness
• Respiratory Tract Infections
• Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
• The Respiratory System
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Orthopaedics

(ORTH 430)

Case presentations

 

 

Self-Directed Learning

• Arthritis
• Arthritis Classification
• Bone Diseases
• Bone Growth
• Bone Lengthening
• Bone Malalignment
• Bone Mass
• Bone Neoplasms
• Bone Plates
• Bone Regeneration
• Bone Remodeling
• Bone Scan
• Bone X-Rays
• Bones
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Complications of Fractures
• Congenital Abnormalities
• CT Scan
• Densitometry, X-Ray
• Disc Herniation
• Diseases/Disorders of the Bone
• Diseases/Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System
• Dislocations and Subluxations
• Foot Deformities, Congenital
• Fracture Classification
• Fracture Reduction, Casting and Cast Removal
• Fractures
• Fractures, Closed
• Fractures, Comminuted
• Fractures, Open
• Hip Dislocation, Congenital
• Ligaments
• Muscle, Skeletal
• Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Examination
• Musculoskeletal Injury Rehabilitation
• Musculoskeletal System
• Open Fractures
• Orthopedic Injuries
• Orthopedic Procedures
• Orthopedics
• Plain radiograph
• Radiograph image
• Radiographic Image Enhancement
• Radiographic Magnification
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Repair of Tendons and Ligaments
• Skeletal System
• Spondylolysis
• The Musculoskeletal System
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Tomography, X-Ray Computed
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Ray Intensifying Screens
• X-Rays

Pediatrics

(PAED 430)

Paediatric Radiology

• Review the differences between the pediatric and adult airway
• Describe a basic standardized approach to reading plain film X-rays
• Understand the classic radiological findings of common childhood lower respiratory tract disorders

 

Seminar

• Anatomy of the Upper Airway
• Asthma
• Bronchioles
• Bronchiolitis
• Bronchopneumonia
• Child
• Child Care
• Childhood
• Children
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Infection, viral
• Nasopharyngeal Airway
• Oropharyngeal Airway
• Paediatrics
• Pediatric Diseases
• Pediatrics
• Plain radiograph
• Pneumonia
• Pulmonary Disease
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Reproductive Tract
• Respiratory Tract Diseases
• Respiratory Tract Infections
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Psychiatry

Radiology in Psychiatry (Psychiatry Assessment)

Neuro-imaging in Psychiatric conditions

1. Considerations in ordering

2. Radiological finding in psychiatric conditions and conditions with psychiatric symptoms

3. Understanding reports

Dr. Nicolaou - coordinating

Seminar

• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Clinical Problem-solving/Decision-making
• CT Scan
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Neuroimaging
• Neuroradiography
• Psychiatry
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology

Surgery

(SURG 430)

General Surgery: Breast Mass

• Describe the features and management of the common benign breast lesion: fibrocystic change, breast cysts and fibroadenomas.
• List the risk factors for breast cancer.
• Describe the clinical staging of a patient with breast cancer.
• Describe the features that make a mammographic abnormality suspicious.
• Explain the relevance of estrogen receptor positivity.
• Take a history and perform a functional inquiry which reflects knowledge of the possible causes of a discrete breast mass and their natural history, as well as factors which are know to increase the risk of malignancy.
• Perform a physical examination of the breast and regional lymph nodes. Identify those features of the breast mass that suggest malignancy, versus those that are more in keeping with benign conditions.
• Describe appropriate laboratory and radiological investigations for a patient with a breast mass, in general, and for a patient with a breast cancer, specifically.
• Describe the methods of establishing a tissue diagnosis.
• Given a confirmed diagnosis of breast cancer, describe in fundamental terms, the options in surgical management.
• Describe the essentials of surgical management for Stages I & II breast cancer.
• Describe the approach to the patient with a non-palpable suspicious lesion on screening mammography.

 

Seminar

• Benign Breast Disease
• Breast
• Breast Cancer
• Breast Disease
• Breast Diseases
• Breast Diseases/Disorders
• Breast Mass
• Breast Neoplasms
• Breasts
• Cancer, breast
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• CT Scan
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Malignant Neoplasms
• Mammary Gland, Breast
• Mammography
• Medical Imaging
• Neoplasm
• Neoplasm Screening
• Neoplasms
• Radiograph image
• Radiographic Image Enhancement
• Radiographic Magnification
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Resonance
• Resonance, Abnormal
• Xeromammography

Surgery

(SURG 430)

General Surgery: Diseases of the Anus, Rectum and Colon

• Develop further history of this complaint, including possible etiologic factors. Direct questions should reflect knowledge of other anorectal conditions, which might be considered in the diagnosis.
• Examine the perianal region and perform a digital rectal examination; be able to accurately describe the findings.
• Assemble the equipment and perform a proctoscopic examination.
• Arrive at the correct diagnosis and make an appropriate referral.
• Identify clinical presentation of: 1. anal fissure 2. perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano 3. perianal hematoma 4. hemorrhoids according to �stage� 5. condylomata 6. carcinoma of the anus
• Describe the features (history and examination) of the following conditions: a) fissure-in-ano b) perianal abscess c) prolapsed, thrombosed hemorrhoids d) perianal hematoma e) pilonidal abscess or sinus
• Draw a coronal section of the ano-rectum and show the location of: a) hemorrhoids b) perianal abscess c) schorectal abscess (in relation to the sphincters, levator ani muscles, rectal/anal mucosa)
• Describe the conservative (non operative) management of: a) fissure-in-ano b) stage I or II hemorrhoids
• Describe the basic principals of surgical management of: a) perianal or pilonidal abscess b) fistula-in-ano c) prolapsed hemorrhoids
• Ask questions which reflect a knowledge of the different causes of rectal bleeding.
• Carry out a physical examination that screens for collateral medical problems, as well as reflects knowledge of the possible causes of rectal bleeding, both �benign� and malignant.
• Properly prepare for an examination of the perianal region and digital examination.
• Assemble a proctoscope, sigmoidoscope, light source, and insufflattor to perform a proctosigmoidascopic examination.
• Order appropriate laboratory tests and request appropriate radiological studies
• Make appropriate and timely referral for essential further special investigation or surgical management.
• Be able to describe: the natural history, gross and microscopic pathology of adenomatous polyps, callous polyps and carcinoma of the colo-rectum
• Familial polyposis syndromes
• The venous plexuses at the ano-recta junction and the progression of hemorrhoids.
• The causative factors in the condition of bleeding or prolapsing hemorrhoids
• Symptoms which could be attributed to stage I, II, or III hemorrhoids, and the findings on examination of the perianal region or by proctoscope
• The essentials of conservative (medical) treatment of hemorrhoids and the indications for procedural or surgical treatment
• Clinical features of a chronic anal fissure 8. The investigation of a patient found to have a severe hypochromic, microcytic anemia (Fe-deficiency)

 

Seminar

• Anus
• Anus Diseases
• Barium Radioisotopes
• Colon
• Colonic Diseases
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Medical Imaging
• Radiograph image
• Radiographic Image Enhancement
• Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
• Radiographic Magnification
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Abdominal
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Rectum
• Rectum/Anus

Surgery

(SURG 430)

Plastic Surgery: Facial Injuries

• Describe the emergency treatment of a patient with a facial injury: a) ABC's b) Physical and radiological assessment of the C-spine c) The assessment for other co-existing injuries
• Describe the principles of treatment of lacerations and other soft tissue injuries of the face
• Facial Bones a) Demonstrate the normal anatomy and methods of examination of the facial bones b) Describe the changes with fractures, including nerve deficits, malocclusion, and eye signs, of: i) The nasal bones ii) The zygomas iii) The maxillae iv) The mandible
• Radiological anatomy a) Recognize the normal radiological anatomy of facial bones b) Be able to point out facial fractures on radiographs
• Understand the principles of treatment of fractures of facial bones

 

Seminar

• Bone X-Rays
• Bones
• Bones,facial
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Face
• Face, osteology
• Facial Bones
• Facial Injuries
• Fractures
• Fractures of the Facial Bones
• Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Surgery

(SURG 430)

Plastic Surgery: Hand Injuries

• Describe bones and Joints: a) Describe metacarpal and phalangeal fractures, and identify them on x-ray. b) Describe the cause of and deformity of "ski pole thumb". c) Describe the position of safety for hand splinting.
• Flexor and extensor tendons: a) Describe the deficit when tendon divided b) Describe the timing of repair, and emergency treatment when definitive repair will be delayed. c) Dupuytren's Contracture
• Nerves: a) Describe deficit following division of median, ulnar or radial nerve. b) Describe the timing of repair and expected time for return of function. c) Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
• Hand infections: a) For the following infections, know the common organisms, the proper drainage techniques and the appropriate antibiotics: i) Paronychia ii) Pulp space infection iii) Acute purulent tenosynovitis iv) Palmar space infection, cellulites v) Lymphangitis vi) Septic arthritis
• Digital, hand and extremity amputations: a) Anaesthesia, debridement, closure and rehab b) Indications for and contraindications to replantation c) Reservation of amputated parts during transfer

 

Seminar

• Bone X-Rays
• Carpal Bones
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Fractures
• Hand
• Hand Injuries
• Imaging
• Injury
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Metacarpus
• Metatarsophalangeal Joint
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

Surgery

(SURG 430)

Urology: Hematuria; Renal Tumors, Bladder Tumors, Stones and Trauma

Hematuria:
• Generate a general understanding of the initial approach to the patient with hematuria
• Discuss the important history questions to ask, physical exam procedures to perform, lab investigations to order, and imaging tests to order.

Urolithiasis
• Give a differential diagnosis for acute flank pain in an adult. Discuss how to differentiate the possible causes of acute flank pain using history, physical exam, laboratory tests and radiologic studies.
• Name four different kinds of renal calculi and the factors that predispose some individuals to form stones.
• Discuss the acute management of a patient with renal colic due to an obstructing ureteral stone.
• Describe the mechanism whereby extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is able to fragment stones.

RENAL CELL CARCINOMA
• Describe the urologic evaluation of a 50-year-old female with gross, painless hematuria.
• Give a differential diagnosis of a solid mass lesion (seen on ultrasound) arising from one kidney.
• State the TNM staging system for renal cell carcinoma.
• State two situations where a partial nephrectomy may be considered instead of a radical nephrectomy for a solid renal.

TRANSITIONAL CELL CARCINOMA
• State two risk factors that predispose some people to TCC of the bladder.
• State two indications for radical cystectomy.
• State the TNM staging system for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.

 

Seminar

• Bladder Calculi
• Bone X-Rays
• Calculi
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Diseases/Disorders of the Kidney
• Diseases/Disorders of the Urinary System
• Diseases/Disorders of the Urinary Tract
• Genitourinary System
• Genitourinary Tract
• Hematuria
• Imaging
• Kidney
• Kidney Abnormalities
• Kidney Calculi
• Kidney Diseases
• Kidney Stones
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Medical Imaging
• Nephrolithiasis
• Radiograph image
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, images
• Radiological Findings
• radiology
• Renal Ultrasound
• The Urinary System
• Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
• Tomography, X-Ray
• Ultrasound
• Ureteral Calculi
• Urinary Calculi
• Urinary Calculus Disease
• Urinary Tract
• Urolithiasis
• X-ray
• X-Ray Film
• X-Rays

PMP

Radiology for Clincal Practice

• Core Radiology Topics: Terminology used in radiology (reports), Key modality differences, Limitations of modalities, Contrast media
• Orientation to radiology department : Ordering urgent/routine studies, Importance of clinical information (protocoling, interpretation, billing), Request legibility, Contact information
• Accessing reports: Dictation system/written, Preliminary versus final reports
• Use of PACS system (specific to individual programs): Accessing images, Importance of reading reports, Confidentiality/legal issues
• Radiation safety and risks: Risks associated with radiation exposure, CXR equivalents of common examinations (or use period natural exposure), Methods to reduce radiation exposure, Age dependance of radiation sensitivity
• Financial costs
• Chest Imaging:, Atelectasis, Pneumonia, Vascular abnormalities. Pleural abnormalities, Cardiac abnormalities, Masses, Adenopathy, Interstitial abnormalities
• GI/GU Imaging: Free air - upright chest, supine, decubitus and upright abdomen, Small bowel obstruction, Colonic obstruction, Cecal and sigmoid volvulus, Ileus�Ogilvie Syndrome, Renal and ureteric calculi, Gallstones, Calcified aortic aneurysm, Benign calcifications (phleboliths, vascular etc), Pancreatic calcifications Cecal and sigmoid volvulus
• Musculoskeletal: Joint effusions, Appendicular Fractures, Common Spinal Fractures, Dislocations, Soft tissue injuries, Arthritis, Tumors, Metabolic bone disease, Infections
• Women's Imaging: Breast Imaging, Pelvic/fetal ultrasound
• Neuroimaging: Tumors, Infection, Trauma, Vascular disease, Degenerative disease

Dr. Nicolaou, Savvas

Seminar/Lab

• Abdomen
• Abdominal X-Rays
• Accidents, Radiation
• Barium
• Barium Radioisotopes
• Bone Scan
• Breast
• Cardiac Scan
• CAT Scan, X-Ray
• Chest
• Chest CT Scan
• Chest imaging
• Chest X-ray
• CT Scan
• Diagnostic Imaging
• Gastrointestinal
• Gastrointestinal System
• Gastrointestinal Tract
• Gastrointestinal Transit
• Genitourinary System
• Genitourinary Tract
• Head CT Scan
• Hospital Information Systems
• Imaging
• Kidney
• Kidney Diseases
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Mammography
• Mass Chest X-Ray
• Medical Imaging
• Musculoskeletal System
• Neuroanatomy
• Neuroimaging
• Pelvic Ultrasound
• Plain radiograph
• Radiation
• Radiation Effects
• Radiation injury
• Radiation Protection
• Radiograph image
• Radiographic Image Enhancement
• Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
• Radiographic Magnification
• Radiographs
• Radiography
• Radiography, Abdominal
• Radiography, images
• Radiography, Thoracic
• Radioisotopes
• Radiologic Anatomy
• Radiological Findings
• Radiology
• Radiology Department, Hospital
• Radiology Information Systems
• Renal Scan
• Renal System
• Renal Ultrasound
• Respiratory System
• Skeletal System
• Technology, Radiologic
• The Musculoskeletal System
• The Respiratory System
• The Urinary System
• Urinary Tract

Contacts

Dr Savvas Nicolau - Director of ER/Trauma Imaging - Head of Undergraduate Curriculum (email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Dr John Aldrich - Clinical Professor - Director of Undergraduate Curriculum (email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Nima Kashani - MD2012 - Undergraduate Radiology Curriculum Representative (email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )